I’m so excited, I’m almost dancing.
Salix viminalis, Osier willow, common willow, osier.
These are names for what I believe is my little tree in the front yard! It has stymied me since I moved in 12 years ago. I suspected it was a kind of willow, but when I searched “willows,” none matched my tree. It’s not weeping and it has really small, narrow leaves. It has catkins in the spring, a willow-like characteristic, and gets lots of suckers and turns yellow in fall.
This morning, I broke off a small branch, including catkins and leaves, ready to send it off the National Arboretum in Washington, DC, for identification.
In one last ditch effort, I searched the internet for “trees with catkins.” This time, It didn’t take long to find a photo that looked like mine! “Osier willow” was what was pictured, a tree native to the United Kingdom and across Europe to western Asia. I am 99.9% certain that this is what it is.
I have a female tree, according to the description of its green catkins.
Male trees have yellow ones. Interesting! These trees favor wet areas and their branches have widely been used for basket making.
Osiers and Green Men
But, more interesting is the folklore associated with osiers. According to one British website, Chediston, Suffolk, has a local custom known as a ‘willow stripping’ ceremony. Typically held at the first full moon in May, this Druid-like event features a ‘Green George” figure dressed in willow strippings, who dances around and is then ceremoniously thrown into the local pond.
Wow! May Day is coming. Perhaps I should dance around my tree, though where it’s planted makes that impossible.
I wonder if Green George is what we also call Green Man? I have several versions of Green Man in my garden.
Myths abound about Green Man or “Jack-in-the-Green.”
Figures of Green Man can seen in numerous churches, cathedrals and abbeys, largely in Britain and France. He is variously depicted as good or evil, frequently with vegetation coming out of his mouth. This can represent life returning each spring, fertility, nature and in general faith and hope.
Obversely, Green Man has been depicted as a demon, devouring all of nature, instead of bestowing it.
Whether you know him by Green Man or Jack-in-the-Green, I prefer to think of him as a spirit who guides us back to our nurturing relationship with Mother Earth.
Jethro Tull did a delightful little song about Jack. It always makes me smile and imagine the little people living in my garden.
By the way, in case you didn’t know, the name Jethro Tull pays homage to an 18th century English farmer and agricultural pioneer, credited with inventing a horse-drawn seed drill, an improved plow, and a horse-drawn hoe. So, he was a bit of a Green Man himself!
Here are some of the lyrics for the song by Jethro Tull, the rock band. Have a listen sometime!
Have you seen Jack-In-The-Green?
With his long tail hanging down.
He quietly sits under every tree
in the folds of his velvet gown. . .
He drinks from the empty acorn cup
the dew that dawn sweetly bestows.
And taps his cane upon the ground
signals the snowdrops it’s time to grow.
It’s no fun being Jack-In-The-Green
no place to dance, no time for song.
He wears the colours of the summer soldier
carries the green flag all the winter long . . .
Jack, do you never sleep
does the green still run deep in your heart?
Or will these changing times.
keep us apart?
Well, I don’t think so
I saw some grass growing through the pavements today . . .
The rowan, the oak and the holly tree
are the charges left for you to groom.
Each blade of grass whispers Jack-In-The-Green . . .
Have you spotted Jack yet?
4 thoughts on “A Mystery Solved and the Spring Dance of Green Men”
Great story and great telling.
Are all those faces in your garden?
We learned about Jethro Tull’s seed drill at school, but we didn’t get the big picture – of the consequent rise in population, the industrial revolution, the drift to the cities, the urban poor, etc.
When I lived near the river on the Norfolk-Suffolk border, I cut willow twigs about two feet long from an old fallen tree on the Common, and just stuck them in the ground along the bottom of the garden. They just grew – no preparation, no hormone rooting powder, nothing – just put them in the ground and they grew.
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Thanks! Yes, the stone faces are mine. I would like to have more. They can be expensive. So, the twigs you planted, was it a historic tree? Do you think the new ones are really big trees by now? That’s cool that you did that.
Nice about the stone faces, I like them. especially the one with the acorns.
I didn’t think about how much time has passed until you asked – and it’s crazy to think back, but it was nearly fifty years ago – so the trees may be really big by now.
Actually, it’s not stone, probably molded concrete. That one is my favorite too.